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October 2000

New Tip: Configuring Mac OS 9 DNS to work with Outlook Exchange. October 31, 2000 -- Simon Hingston sent in a tip on how to configure DNS for Outlook for Exchange Server specifically in Mac OS 9:

Thought it may be helpful to forward this update to the solution to DNS problems with Exchange on the Mac. Without this fix you may be able to resolve the server by IP when setting your profile but once the server name is resolved launching the Exchange client will not recognise the name and will fail.

OS9's TCP/IP control panel does not provide the previous option to manually select the hosts file you have created as below:

  • Exchangeservername CNAME Exchangeservername.domain.com
  • Exchangeservername.domain.com A IP of Exchangeserver

Saving this file to the System folder will not solve the problem. With OS9 this must be saved as text called 'hosts' to the Preferences folder.

Hope this helps as it took me a while to sort out but now works perfectly.

Workaround for one Win2K/ASIP problem. October 31, 2000 -- As a way to get out of a situation where a Windows 2000 client can't see inside of AppleShare IP folders, Mike Visconti suggests forcing the Windows client to remount the AppleShare IP Server. He says "Logging the user off from the server using the admin tools on the server usually works without forcing a reboot."

Fix for the PC MacLAN/PC Anywhere conflict. October 31, 2000 -- Michael Erkau has a solution for the problem reported yesterday of PC MacLAN and PC Anywhere causing a Windows 2000 to stop working. He reinstalled the PC Anywhere 9.21 Updater after PC MacLAN is installed.

Aironet and Orinoco with an Apple AirPort Base Station. October 31, 2000 --Vihung Marathe sent in a report of setting up an AirPort network with Macs and PCs. He reports "unhelpful" support from Lucent and Dell and helpful support from Aironet/Cisco. His report is our AirPort and PCs special report page.

Windows NT RAS callback to Macs. October 31, 2000 -- Peter Figaroa would like to know how remote Macs can get NT Remote Access Server to call them back when they dial in (to put the cost of the call with the company).

The PCs callback worked right away, but for the Macs I couldn't anything yet to support the callback. I know AccessPPP could do it, but it doesn't work with Mac OS 9 and I read about some other products on your website, but they all have been discontinued.

If you know of a product that enables NT RAS callback to a Mac, please let us know.

SAMBA on Mac OS X installation instructions. October 31, 2000 -- Derrick Bates reminds us that we previously reported that you can find instructions on installing SAMBA on Mac OS X at MacNN.

SAMBA 2.0.7 fixes Win2K client problem for Linux servers. October 30, 2000 -- Digging through our news archives, we found that last May, Hanz Makmur reported that SAMBA 2.0.7, the latest version of the Linux/Unix SMB file sharing software for PC clients, resolved the Windows 2000 client problems that also occur with AppleShare IP. (Mats Åhlberg also pointed this fix out to us.)

(By the way, MacWeek says SAMBA can be installed on Mac OS X Public Beta.)

AppleShare IP still has not been fixed, as we've been reporting recently, but Hanz Makmur reminds us that AppleShare IP file sharing hasn't worked correctly with Windows 2000 clients since Win2K was in beta. Makmur brought this to our attention last April.

4D, Inc. releases 4D Open Java with Version 6.7. October 30, 2000 -- 4D, Inc., (formerly ACI) has announced that is is shipping 4D Open Java with the 4th Dimension (4D) 6.7 Developer Edition database environment for use with 4D Server. 4D Open Java allows any client with Java Virtual Machine to connect to 4D Server, including Linux, Unix, Windows, and Mac. 4D Open Java has a "100 percent Java 1 and Java 2" rating from Sun Microsystems. (See also the 4D press release on this topic and the 4D pricing page.)

PC MacLAN, PC Anywhere conflict on Win2K. October 30, 2000 -- A reader reports of a severe conflict between PC MacLAN and PC Anywhere running on Windows 2000 Server (though not on Windows 98):

I have a PIII running Windows 2000 Server. When I install PC MacLAN 8.0 it works fine. As soon as add PC Anywhere 9.2 to the server (for remote access) -- it brings the Windows 2000 machine to its knees - nothing short of a reinstall of Windows 2000 works. It seems Windows 2000 doesn't work when both applications are installed. I have used this configuration on a Win 98 platform without any problems.

Networking with Basilisk II, Mac emulator for PC, in Linux. October 30, 2000 -- We have an update from Mimir Essedari about his attempt to run the Basilisk II Macintosh emulator under Linux and to network it:

Installed Linux Mandrake 7.1 through VMWare. Installed Basilisk II 8.1 using sheep_net. (sheep_net is a driver that came with UAE, and for Basilisk II under Linux it is required to get the Ethernet functioning.)

Once sheep_net was installed, 7.5.3 would no longer boot. Ran my 8.1 drive, and it would boot, but I can't get any AppleTalk connectivity, and TCP/IP appears to work until I go to use Netscape 4.08, where it stops responding right before the browser window opens. This has delayed my life long ambition of having two virtual Mac's talking together through Linux and Windows on the same machine...

You can read Essedari's original report about networking Basilisk II under Windows 98 on our Mac Emulator special report page.

Mac OS X: support right mouse button? October 30, 2000 -- Macintouch reports that Mac OS X Public Beta supports the right mouse button in at lease one two-button mouse, bringing up contextual menus a la Windows.

MacWindows: over 1 million served. October 27, 2000 -- Our old-fashioned hit counter at the bottom of this page has recorded visitor number 1,000,000. The hit counter was installed several months after MacWindows debuted, so visitor number 1 million actually surfed through several weeks ago.

We thank you for your continued interest and support, and for your tips and bug reports.

Changes in MS SMB may cause of Win2K problems accessing ASIP. October 27, 2000 -- We've had a large number of reader responses to yesterday's report about problems with Windows 2000 clients accessing folders AppleShare IP servers. So far, there is no fix, but we do have some clues:

Thomas Myers sent us a possible explanation, one that doesn't bode well for a quick fix if true. He believes Microsoft has changed the SMB file sharing protocol in Windows 2000. He heard that SAMBA servers (SMB on Unix/Linux) have the same problem as ASIP:

Andrea Marucci (working with the Italian versions of the software) had the problem with Windows ME and at first believed that Microsoft has made a change, since Microsoft recommended Win 95/98 to be updated. However, a new driver fixed the problem.

Matthew Wallis was told by Apple's Tech Exchange that ASIP 6.3.2 fixed the problem, but this was not the case.

Charlayne Beavers had to replace the ASIP with a Windows 2000 server.

You can read these full reports on our AppleShare IP Server Cross-platform Issues page.

(Thanks to everyone else who wrote in. We will continue to follow this issue.)

Aladdin releases v.6 of Mac X-platform compression utilities. October 27, 2000 -- Aladdin has released version 6 of its Mac compression utilities, StuffIt Deluxe (US $29.95 upgrade), StuffIt Expander (free), DropStuff, and DropZip for Mac OS and Mac OS X Public Beta. All work with Mac, Windows, and Unix compression formats. (The Windows version of StuffIt Deluxe was updated earlier this month.)

Citrix printing to non-Postscript printers. October 27, 2000 -- To add to yesterday's tip on printing to Mac (Postscript) printer from a Mac running Windows software via Citrix Mac client, Peter Figaroa send in a recommendation for printing to non-Postscript printers. He recommends IP printing, rather than using PowerPrint. He says its less expensive and more flexible:

In my case I've six iMacs and one PowerMac G4 each one has a local attach HP deskjet printer connected to the USB port. They all running the freeware LPD daemon Print66 from barijaona, which can accept print jobs from our Citrix server, Windows NT server, IBM AS/400 system, Unix server and Windows PCs.

New Tip: Printing to local Mac printers from Citrix clients. October 26, 2000 --Jason Kahn sent us a how-to on printing to Mac printers from Citrix clients. (Citrix makes WinFrame and MetaFrame, application servers that let clients operate software running on the Windows NT/2000 from over a network. Mac clients are free.) Kahn describes the procedure this way:

This is especially handy if the clients are hitting the Citrix server over a WAN link, because the Citrix server can't see the printers. IP printing via NT is actually better in this situation, but if the route isn't there this method would be the obvious choice. Citrix has *very* poor documentation on this stuff.

You can read Kahn's procedure on our brand new Macs and Citrix Application Servers special report page.

Macs and Microsoft ISA Server. October 26, 2000 -- Tony McArthur just upgraded to Windows 2000 Server and the new Microsoft Internet Security and Acceleration (ISA) Server 2000, the successor to Proxy Server 2.0 that is currently in beta.

I am having huge problems communicating with our network using DAVE. Currently, I am experiencing a 60 percent failure rate on flood pings of the server. I also cannot get the server to load anything more than a home page when accessing the net through the proxy.

ISA Server is new to MacWindows as well. If you have any experience or advice for configuring ISA Server for Mac clients, please let us know.

MacExplorer improvement; ATInfo translated to French. October 26, 2000 -- Patrick Peccatte has released MacExplorer 1.1e (free), the latest version of his Windows NT /2000 utility for analyzing and fixing problems with Macintosh files on NT/2000 servers. The new version displays in bold the NT folders that are converted in Mac OS 9 "packages" and can convert folders in packages (and vice-versa).

Peccatte has also translated David Foster's AtInfo to the French language. AtInfo is a free Windows NT utility that presents information about an AppleTalk. You can get Peccatte's French Translation of AtInfo at his web site.

Problem with Win 2000 as a client to an ASIP Server. October 26, 2000 -- Will O'Neal ran into trouble with his PCs accessing an AppleShare IP server when upgraded the clients form Windows NT 4 to Windows 2000:

I installed my first Windows 2000 machine on the network, and connected it to our ASIP 6.3.2 server. Our shared cross platform volume, The M Drive, has tons of stuff in it; the NT 4 machines see it just fine. The Win2K machine sees the drive, and shows the contents of the directory on the root level only (nothing in folders inside of folders in the root level) and only on the first visit to the M drive.

All subsequent visits to the M drive show an empty volume. Refreshing the display (f5) has no affect; rebooting does.

If you've seen this problem, please let us know.

Compression solutions update: ZipIt for Mac handles .exe archives. October 26, 2000 -- We've updated our Compression Solutions page to note that current versions of the Mac compression utility ZipIt ($15) can open Windows self-extracting .exe files. (Thanks to Hugh Campbell for pointing out our omission.)

Tip: Disabling auto detection of Ethernet duplex settings on Macs. October 24, 2000 -- On October 6, we reported that Apple had an Ethernet Speed and Duplex Tool to disable the auto-negotiation duplex settings (full or half) in certain Macs. (See also the problem of mismatched duplex settings between a switch and a NIC in a NT server PC.) Clint Ragsdale writes that there is another, unsupported version of Duplex Tool (1.1d1) that works on on G4s, iBooks, slot-loading iMacs and FireWire PowerBooks. Ragsdale reports:

I'm not sure if it works on the latest Mac hardware (Cubes, Gigabit G4s and FireWire iBooks). It was written by Brad Suinn, an Apple employee, and is available from his iDisk. He also has several other utilities that ASIP users may find useful there. Brad is a regular contributor to the AppleShare IP Mailing list. His homepage is at: http://homepage.mac.com/suinn/.

Mac-less AirPort setup. October 24, 2000 -- Joseph Barnett sent us a detailed report on how he configured an AirPort BaseStation wireless network without any Macs, using PC configuration software. You can read Barnett's report on our Cross-platform AirPort special report page.

AShare Helper automates admin tasks. October 24, 2000 -- David Bakkers' AShare Helper v1.6.1 automates administration tasks on an AppleShare IP server. It can Web and File Server on startup, send alerts when ASIP is not running, and make regular backups of the local Users & Groups Datafile and AppleShare PDS files, among other things.

4D 6.7 x-platform database adds more web features. October 24, 2000 -- ACI has released 4D 6.7 (US $349, US $250 for upgrades), a relational database for Windows and Macintosh. The new version offers speed improvements and more web-integration features, including WML, WAP, XML, JAVA, and CGI compatibility and new built in SSL capabilities.

An explanation for file-size error in Windows 2000 Server. October 23, 2000 -- Rob Newberry of Group Logic, makers of ExtremeZ-IP, has sent us an explanation of why Windows 2000 Server Services for Macintosh (SFM) reports the wrong file size to Mac clients. He says that Windows 2000 calculates file sizes using HFS math (not the current HFS Plus) due to lack of support of an AFP command. Newberry also speculates as to why the problem is not seen with Windows NT SFM. You can read Newberry's detailed report on our Windows 2000/Mac client special report page.

Mac OS X Server reappears at Apple Store. October 23, 2000 -- Mac OS X Server is once again available at the Apple Store, now at version 1.2v3 (US $499). Apple stopped selling the software in July because version 1.2 and earlier are incompatible with the new PowerMac G4 (Gigabit Ethernet) or PowerMac G4 Cube. However, the new version of the server is still not compatible with all modern Macs, according to Apple:

Mac OS X Server 1.2v3 is not compatible with Power Mac G4 or Macintosh Server G4 models that ship with the dual-channel Ultra160 SCSI card.

Upgrade to X-platform database tool for Mac. October 23, 2000 --SyBrowser 3.5 from MacSOS was released today for Mac OS (a Windows version is also available). MacSOS describes it:

SyBrowser is a suite of 32-bit Macintosh and Win32 ODBC client applications that provide an overview of the tables in Sybase and MS SQL databases hosted on UNIX, Linux, and Windows servers. It allows the execution of SQL queries against these RDBMS and the query results can be saved to disk. Complex queries can be saved to disk for reuse.

Version 3.5 adds support for MySQL and PostgreSQL, among other things.

Alaran web site shut down. October 23, 2000 -- Alaran has shut down it's web site (formerly www.alaran.com). Last week reported that Alaran had discontinued development of MacaNTee, a system for integrating Macs and AppleShare IP servers into Windows NT domains.

Win2k file size problem NOT linked to directory location. October 20, 2000 -- We've had numerous reports that the problem of Windows 2000 Server reporting incorrect file sizes to Mac clients in NOT related what directory the shared Mac volume is located in. (Yesterday we speculated that a root-level Mac volume might cause the problem.)

Also, a few interesting clues:

We've added six more reader reports to this discussion on our Windows 2000 Issues page.

Readers get StarOffice running on Virtual PC 2.x. October 20, 2000 -- Two readers report running Sun's StarOffice on older versions of Virtual PCs. (Andrew Dinsdale, who installed StarOffice on Virtual PC 2.x (Windows 95), said "apart from being quite slow, all went well." L.D. Ford installed StarOffice on a Rev. D iMac running VPC 2.1.3. He said "other than the database components that it stated I needed to download from Sun, StarOffice has been working perfectly. (On October 18, we reported that a reader was unable to install StarOffice on VPC 2.x.

MacImage 6: upgrade and discount for creating Mac CDs on a PCs October 19, 2000 -- Logiciels and Services Duhem has released MacImage 6, the latest version of its Windows utility for creating Macintosh CD-ROMs on PCs. MacImage can produce pure HFS CD-ROMs or hybrid HFS/ISO 9660 CD-ROMs. MacImage 6 is being offered at a special introductory price: 45.00 Euros (US $ 38), (instead of a normal list 62.50 Euros [US $ 53]. There is a also a bundle with MacDisk (which enables PCs to recognize Mac disks) for 62.50 Euros (US $ 89) (instead of the normal 137 Euros [US $ 116]).

Tip: Printing with Mac Clients and Microsoft Cluster Services. October 19, 2000 -- Daniel Schwartz recommends that Microsoft Cluster Server admins put Postscript queues on a dedicated NT server with all but the necessary Services disabled. You can read the reasons and some configuration details on our Macs and Microsoft Cluster Services special report page  

Documents To Go Professional Edition edits Word, Excel files on Palm. October 19, 2000 -- DataViz just released the Professional Edition of Documents to Go ($49), a utility for synchronizing files between Palm OS and Windows and Macintosh. The new Professional Edition allows you to edit word processor and spreadsheet documents on the Palm device. The supported editable file formats include Word, Excel, and AppleWorks/ClarisWorks. (The non-editible Standard Edition is $29.95.)

Article on Mac emulation on PCs: how to install Basilisk II. October 19, 2000 -- The E-Maculation web yesterday posted an article called Beginners' Guide to Emulating a Macintosh. It includes detailed instructions for setting up Basilisk II (a free Mac emulator for Windows PCs) and installing Mac OS on it.

Alaran ends development of MacaNTee, Mac-NT domain tool. October 18, 2000 -- Alaran Inc., makers of MacaNTee, will end development of its system for integrating Macs and AppleShare IP servers into Windows NT domains, and will not release version 2.0. A source forwarded this message received yesterday:

Date: Tue, 17 Oct 2000
Subject: MacaNTee for OS X

Gentlemen,

Due to financial constraints, as of Monday the partners in Alaran Inc. decided to abandon any development on an OS X version of MacaNTee. MacaNTee will continue to be supported for earlier OS's until the viable life span for the product ends. I apologize for the last minute nature of this decision, but we held out until the last minute to see if any additional funding would become available. As it has not, this is our only option.

Thank you for your assistance and I am sorry it didn't work out the way we expected.

Regards,
John Lamkin
Alaran Inc.

Alaran had previously announced MacaNTee 2.0, which was to have supported Mac OS X.

Prosoft won't fix NetWare client/MS Office incompatibility. October 18, 2000 -- Prosoft Engineering has confirmed to MacWindows that it won't fix the NetWare 5.13 Mac Client incompatibility with MS Office 98, which we reported in August. (The bug causes the Mac to lock up when the Client runs with Word and Excel.) We asked David Neil, Support Escalation Engineer, to confirm a earlier reports we received to this effect. "There is no development happening on this client," said Neil. "The contract expired...we are no longer pursuing it," referring to Novell's licensing contract that enabled Prosoft to create the IPX-based client. Last March, Novell said that it would take over development of Mac client support with the development of a new, TCP/IP based product.

We have some workarounds to the problem on our NetWare and Macintosh Issues special report page.

MS Office 2001 FileMaker compatibility does not extend to Server. October 18, 2000 -- Steven H. Blackwell says that the FileMaker Import Wizard in Office 2001 is for databases on your local hard drive only:

I might point out that--unless something changed from the prerelease version shown in July at Macworld--that this feature does not allow for accessing FileMaker Pro databases hosted over a network by FileMaker Server.

StarOffice on Virtual PC. October 18, 2000 -- A reader reports being unable to run Sun's StarOffice on Virtual PC:

I have tried twice and failed to install StarOffice on VirtualPC: version 5.1 on VPC (v2.x something) with Windows 95, and version 5.2 onto VPC (v3.0x) with Windows 98 (and this was a freshly installed version). Since I know very little about Windows I can't really tell what's going wrong, except that the installer complains that various .dll (some 10 of them) files "failed to be registered". Launching the program anyway gives an error message that "soffice.ini" cannot be found.-- Bjorn

We'd be interested to hear about your experiences of running StarOffice on Virtual PC or SoftWindows.

Emulator fun on Mac OS X: 4 OS's in one. October 16, 2000 -- Ruud Dingemans reports that not only did he successfully run SoftWindows in Classic mode on Mac OS X Public beta (as we did), but he ran an old versions, SoftWindows 3 (which we believe ran Windows 3.1). Not only that, but he ran a CP/M emulator on it under DOS (z80mu). In case you weren't counting, that's four operating systems: CP/M>DOS>Mac OS 9>Mac OS X--with no problems, according to Dingemans.

Another report on the Win2K SFM file size problem. October 16, 2000 -- Seth Anderson is seeing the problem of Win 2000 Server reporting incorrect file sizes to Macs:

We are running a newly formatted Win2K server with SP1 and File Service for Mac, but no Apple Talk. Many of our image files are showing up with incorrect file sizes, either in the folder view or when I get info on the file from a MAC OS 9.0.4 client. Files as small as 60 k are showing up as 4.7 MB. I have seen that other people are having the same problem. PC's of course see the files correctly.

His experience is nearly like the others, except other readers have said that the server reports that files are 5.2 or 5.1 MB. If you've seen this problem please let us know.

Upgrade for utility that reads PC Word files. October 16, 2000 -- icWord 1.1 (US $19.95) from Panergy Ltd., is an upgrade to the Mac utility that lets you view and print Word documents (including formatting) from Word for Windows or Word for Mac--without requiring Microsoft Office. The new version adds these and other features:

Inexpensive gHead solves headless G3/G4 server, KVM problem. October 16, 2000 -- Dr. Bott's gHead (US $19.95) is a little connector that enables Power Mac G3 and G4 to be used as a "headless" server without a monitor. Currently, if you don't have a monitor attached, these Macs don't produce video signals, which means you can't control them over a network with Timbuktu Pro. The gHead connector plugs into the graphics card and tricks the Mac into thinking there is a monitor attached.

gHead can also fix a similar problem created by KVM switches for sharing a monitor between Macs and PCs. (If you power up a Mac while the KVM switch is set to connect another computer, the Mac screen will be blank when you switch to it.) gHead works with Dr. Bott's MoniSwitch, all VGA monitors (and flat panels with VGA connectors), any OS you can run on the Power Mac, including OS X a PPC-Linux variants.

Sun makes X-platform StarOffice source code available. October 16, 2000 -- Last week, Sun Microsystems released the source code to its StarOffice suite at the web site of OpenOffice.org, the new group that offers the code and provides information about various projects. Sun says that it will the future versions of StarOffice "will be derived directly from the OpenOffice.org technology base." StarOffice is available for Solaris, Linux, and the WIN32 platform, and work on the Macintosh platform is in progress. We would expect Mac OS X to be the target, as it would be an easier port from Solaris and Linux than OS 9. StarOffice includes wordprocessor, spreadsheet application, presentation, drawing and data charting.

Special Report: Microsoft launches Office 2001 with Apple's help. October 13, 2000 --Microsoft officially released Office 2001 for Mac (US $499, $299 upgrade) at an official rollout event in a downtown San Francisco CompUSA store on October 10. A live jazz quartet and a free lunch prepped the crowd for speeches by executives from Microsoft, Apple, and FileMaker, Inc. Apple executives and public relations personnel were almost as numerous as those from Microsoft. Clint Richardson, Apple vice president of Worldwide Developer Relations told MacWindows that "Office 2001 is the best office software for the Mac by anyone, ever."

Apple also helped with the rollout by promoting Office 2001 at Apple.com. As of this writing, Office still frequently appears on the Apple home page. Apple also has its own Office 2001 site, which includes a page on Windows compatibility. Office 2001 does offer several useful new Windows compatibility features. However, Office 2001 still has a few major cross-platform holes.

Cross-platform pros:

Cross-platform holes:

At the rollout, we asked Kevin Brown, general manager of Microsoft's Macintosh Business Unit, about these holes. Browne said that the task was "a technical challange that would have required a 3-year effort" to port Access to the Mac. We also asked Browne why Microsoft choose to do an import Wizard for FileMaker Pro and not Access. He said that a study of 400 Mac users indicated that more users asked for FileMaker Pro importing.

The lack of compatibility with Exchanger Server is a problem for many users, since Watson, the future Mac client that Microsoft says will be calendar-compatible with Windows users, probably won't ship soon. "It's looking pretty good right now," said Brown, "but we haven't announced a ship date yet." (See the next news item for more on Watson.)

When we asked Browne about this problem, he responded by saying that Office 2001 and Exchange/Outlook were created for different users. Office 2001 is aimed at individual users, according to Browne, and the Exchange/Outlook is aimed at workgroup users. (An interesting dichotomy, considering that Exchange/Outlook users are more likely to be using Microsoft Office than AppleWorks.)

To us it seems more an issue of corporate organization--Microsoft's Exchange Server group is separate from the Mac Products Group, and the two don't coordinate product releases and don't appear to coordinate feature sets for Mac products.

Browne also said that Microsoft would eventually port Microsoft Office to Mac OS X, but it would not be ready when Apple ships OS X next year.

(Two other useful Microsoft web pages: Office 2001 how-to articles and Kevin Browne explains Office 2001.

Microsoft launches Exchange 2000 Server, previews Watson. October 13, 2000 -- Microsoft has rolled out Exchange 2000 Server, which is shipping with Outlook for Macintosh 8.2. The new server includes "unified messaging, operation support systems and XML," according to Microsoft. (See also the Exchange 2000 Server home page.) At the Microsoft Exchange and Collaboration Solutions 2000 (MEC2000) conference in Dallas, Texas, Microsoft demostrated a preview version of Watson, a future Mac mail/calendar client for Exchange Server. Watson showed the adoption of numerous Macintosh technologies, as well as cros-platform calendaring and contacts support. However, Microsoft indicated that it would not incorporate POP3/IMAP client capability or be completely compatible with the Windows client.

For more details on the Watson preview, see our new Exchange 2000 Special Report page.

Thursby ships MacSOHO, X-platform file sharing via NetBEUI. October 13, 2000 -- Thursby Software Systems is now shipping MacSOHO (US $99), a new cross-platform file share software package for Macs, aimed at small offices and home offices. Unlike Thursby's DAVE, which supports file sharing over TCP/IP, MacSOHO uses the NetBEUI network protocol. Thursby claims MacSOHO is easier to setup and configure than DAVE. As far as we know, MacSOHO marks the first time NetBEUI has been implemented on Mac OS. A free trial demo version is available.

We also noticed that Thursby seems to have launched a new image marketing campaign, using photos of 6- or 7-year-old children on the boxes of all its products, including DAVE and MacNFS. (The family that cross-platform networks together...)

Updated Tip: Resolving IP address problems with Outlook/Exchange. October 13, 2000 -- Stone Brooks expands on a tip on resolving the IP address for Exchange Server by adding some new details on configuring the Mac TCP/IP hosts file. Brooks' tip is on our Outlook/Exchange special report page.

New Tip: QuickTime TV behind MS Proxy Server. October 12, 2000 --Charles Christensen couldn't watch QuickTime TV or get streaming audio broadcasts through Microsoft Proxy Server until he used to Peter Lovell 's SOCKS4 application. "Now I can watch live TV, listen to NPR, " said Christensen. His report is on our MS Proxy Server Special Report page.

Orange Micro to continue to support OrangePC customers. October 13, 2000 --Orange Micro president Art Scotten told MacWindows that his company will continue to support OrangePC customers at this time. (On October 10 we reported that Orange Micro had discontinued its last OrangePC Pentium card for Macs. The company is now focusing on FireWire and USB 2.0 products.) Scotten also

The OrangePC family had lasted a over a decade, starting with the Mac286, to the Orange386, the OrangePC 486 and lastly, the OrangePC Pentium 450 MHz. It might be interesting to note that the original Mac 286 had an MHz processor, supported monochrome monitors, and could be expanded to a maximum of 4 MB! You may let your readers know that we will continue to support our users for the foreseeable future.

ACI release 4D 6.5.7, maintenance update to its X-platform database. October 13, 2000 -- ACI has released 4D 6.5.7 (free upgrade), a maintenance update to its cross-platform database which adds improved performance and stability, according to the company.

Reader responses to SoftWindows on Mac OS X report. October 11, 2000 -- Several readers commented about yesterday's report on running PC emulators on Mac OS X Public Beta. Al Pawlowski had some success with RealPC, the DOS version of SoftWindows:

I spent all last Thursday working in Win95 under RealPC under OS X Classic and had no problems. I ran AutoCAD 2000 Lite, Word 97, Excel 97 and IE 4. I gave most of the programs a workout, except IE 4 which I only used for break surfing. The setup is an iMac DV 400/256M RAM. RealPC was set for 100 MB, optimal memory (about 85 MB) and 1 MB video (I use a 20 monitor on high res). The Win95 is the OEM b install disk that came with an old PC and I think it is pretty up to date.

My only problem I had was that I couldn't plot/print because I don't have a network Postscript printer. I actually had IE running at the same time as a Mac version Navigator 4.08 and the OS X email program all at the same time. OT sure multitasks well. My net connection is cable modem via a router.

Joe Ballo pointed out some similarities to Mac OS X Classic and Apple's old version of Unix:

Actually it is not a surprise that [SoftWindows] ran. I remember [ in the old days ] that SoftWindows ran pretty much OK in Apple's A/UX. In that environment there was an OS 7.1 environment called - IIRC - startmac, that served as a sort of classic environment for Mac applications [ actually that's all there was for apps]. There was a performance hit but really no more than, percentage wise, there was for other Mac apps - about 10 percent. Can't say about VPC but my impression is that VPC is more tightly coupled to the hardware.

Scott Maier objected to our portrayal of running SoftWindows in the Mac OS X Classic mode as "running an emulator inside an emulator." Scott Maier points out that "it doesn't emulate any code or translate instructions" so differs from Virtual PC or SoftWindows. This is quite true. However, the Classic environment isn't exactly native support of OS 9 applications, either. Classic is kind of a run-time environment and kind of a "virtual machine" like Java in OS 9. At this point, Classic runs slower than Mac OS 9 does.

QuickTime 5 beta for Mac, Streaming Server 3 beta released. October 11, 2000 -- Apple has released QuickTime 5 Public Preview for Macintosh (free), a beta version of the next version of the cross-platform multimedia client technology. Apple says it will release a Windows beta by the end of the year. The final QuickTime 5 is scheduled for release early next year.

The new beta version, which has some, but not all, of the features that the final release will have. These include:

Apple also released QuickTime Streaming Server 3 Public Preview (free) for Mac OS X Public Beta. A Darwin version is available for Windows NT/2000 Server Linux (Red Hat ), Solaris 7, and FreeBSD 3.4. It's new features include:

(See also the Apple press release.)

MacExplorer 1.1d for NT updated. October 11, 2000 -- Patrick Peccatte has released MacExplorer 1.1d, a free Windows NT utility for analyzing Mac files stored on a Windows NT server. MacExplorer 1.1d analyzes Macintosh volumes which have been created by Microsoft Services For Macintosh (SFM), and now by Cyan's MacServerIP or Group Logic's ExtremeZ-IP. MacExplorer can display and modify type and creator codes, point out illegal characters in file names, and report the size of Mac resource forks, among other things.

Motorola and Intel announce GHz processors. October 11, 2000 -- MacCentral reported yesterday that Motorola announced that it would produce a 1 GHz G4 processor code-named Apollo. The processor is compatible with today's G3 and G4 software, but Apple has not committed to using Apollo in Macs, and Motorola has not announced when the new chip would be available.

Infoworld reported yesterday that Intel will ship a 1 GHz Mobile Pentium III for notebooks during the first half of next year.

End of an era: Orange Micro gets out of Pentium board business. October 10, 2000 -- Orange Micro has removed the OrangePC 660 from its product page and placed it in its archive of discontinued products. The OrangePC 660 was the last Pentium coprocessor board for running Windows on Macs left on the market.

Over the past few months, MacWindows readers have been reporting that they have been unable to purchase an OrangePC 660 board, but Orange Micro had denied that the product was discontinued and listed it on its product page. Once a higher -speed, higher cost alternative to software emulators, the discontinuation of the OrangePC 660 marks the end of an era. The advent of fast G4 processors has brought up the speed of emulators and made coprocessor boards economically unfeasible.

First crack at running PC emulators on Mac OS X Beta. October 10, 2000 -- We've begun experimenting with running PC emulators on the Mac OS X Public Beta. The results have not been good, but we didn't expect them to be. Running a Windows emulator in OS X Public Beta is actually running an emulator inside an emulator (the Classic environment of Mac OS X) We tested on a Power Mac G4/350 with 128 MB RAM. Here are some results:

SoftWindows 98 5.0.9. We were able to launch SoftWindows and boot Windows 98.

Performance. Boot up of Windows is very slow. Performance of most applications is slower than in Mac OS 9. Sound and video in AVI movies was jumpy. However, performance seemed faster than running "straight" on pre-G3 Macs.

Compatibility. Most Windows software ran. However, Internet Explorer had problems. It froze, forcing us to restart Windows, and then blue-screened Windows. Windows would not recognize CDs.

With SoftWindows running, we were able to run other Classic and OS X applications, mostly without problems. Occasionally, a Classic application would temporarily freeze--but the cursor remained free, and we were able to get out of the problem by switching to another app via the Dock and then switching back.

Other problems:

We would be interested in hearing about your experiences with emulators and OS X.

Solutions update: SoftWindows for Unix, downloadable RealPC. October 10, 2000 -- We've added FWB's SoftWindows 95 for Solaris (US $399) and RealPC 1.1.1 (US $199) for Solaris to the list of emulators on our Operating Systems Solutions page. These packages emulate a Pentium processor on Sun's Solaris workstations.

We also noticed that RealPC for Macintosh is now available as a downloadable purchase for US $29.95--the same price as a competing downloadable DOS emulator, Lismore Software's Blue Label PowerEmulator. This is less than half the price of the downloadable version of Connectix Virtual PC for DOS (US $79).

(We've also updated some of the other information and links on the Operating Systems Solutions page.)

More on AirPort and satellite/microwave Internet access. October 10, 2000 -- In response to yesterday's item about using AirPort with satellite Internet access, Garry Kline sent in details on how he configured AirPort Base Station with a microwave Internet connection. He also has a Virtual Private Network (VPN) connection. Kline's report is on our Cross-platform AirPort special report page.

YARC Postscript RIPs. October 9, 2000 -- YARC has posted demo versions of its Xtreme Mac PostScript raster image processors (RIPs) for several Epson inkjet printers. The softare can connect to the printers via USB or Ethernet.

Office 2001 Mac to roll out tomorrow in SF. October 10, 2000 -- Although Microsoft Office 2001 for Mac has begun shipping, Microsoft will hold the "official launch" tomorrow in San Francisco at the CompUSA store on Market Street (10 am to 4 pm, with a presentation between 12:30 pm and 1:30 pm). We may stop in to sample the free food and beverages promised. We figure they can afford it, given the next item...

Microsoft and Cisco pay no federal income taxes. October 10, 2000 -- The San Francisco Chronicle said yesterday that Microsoft and Cisco Systems paid no U.S. federal income tax last year. US taxpayers subsidized Microsoft's $4.85 billion tax debt through deductions for employee stock options. (See also CNET, which picked up the story from the Chron.

Windows CE works on Airport wireless network. October 9, 2000 -- George Goldmark reports that he is using a Jornada 820 Windows CE machine to communicate with the Internet through an AirPort Base Station linked to a cable modem connection. (Also on the net is an 8500, iBook, and iMac). Goldmark says:

I recently purchased a wireless Orinoco PC card for my Jornada 820 handheld running WindowsCE. (Orinoco drivers are available for the WindowsCE OS).

With just a small glitch ( I had to do a hard reboot of the Jornada), I am now able to run Explorer on the Jornada ,wirlessly communication with the Airport network. This handheld has a great color screen (although small), long battery life, and with no CD or HD drives is very light. At a cost of $170, the card was a great deal. Orinoco Tech support was also helpful in getting me on line.

Airport and satellite Internet access. October 9, 2000 -- Stephen Pike wants to use AirPort Base Station to share a Direct PC satellite Internet connection with Macs and PCs with a SatServ software router. He is looking for advice, and we are curious about this. If you've had experience with Internet satellite connections, please let us know. You can read details of Pike's setup on our Cross-platform AirPort special report page.

We tried to write back to Pike, but our message was bounced back with "unknown user." Stephen, if you're out there, drop us another line.

MacNames now works with MacServerIP and ExtremeZ-IP. October 9, 2000 -- Patrick Peccatte has released MacNames 1.0d (200 FF, about US $28, upgrade free), a new version of a Windows NT/2000 utility to rename Macintosh files. The new version now works with Cyan Software MacServerIP and with Intergraph ExtremeZ-IP, in addition to Microsoft's Services for Macintosh.

Entourage 2001 issues. October 9, 2000 -- Christian Thomas had a problem with the new Microsoft Entourage (the email client in Office 2001), where attachments from Windows users were getting encoded as MS Rich Text format. He found the problem, and comments about integration with Exchange:

After bugging my Exchange support staff I find out there is an account setting that can be changed that tells Exchange to only send my account Plain or HTML encoded email.

Now I need to figure out a plan for integrating with the Exchange calendaring. As you have noted on your site, Entourage does support the calendar protocol but it doesn't support attendees and replies to events from attendees.

Another report of a Mac duplex Ethernet problem. October 9, 2000 -- Responding to our October 5 and 6 reports of duplex setting problems on Macs, Reginald Saddler reports of another:

I'm using an 7500 with a G3/400 card, 10/100 NIC and IP NetRouter as a stand-alone gateway to the Internet via my cable modem. I have an SMC 10/100 Switch and 4 PC on the network. All the PCs are running at 100 Mbit with Full-duplex w/o a problem, however the Mac on the 10/100 switch is showing half duplex at 100 Mbit. My PC to Mac transfer times are pretty solid 4-5 Mbit's per/sec but I can't seem to find a way to make my 3rd party Mac NIC run at full-duplex. (1 PC is configured with Windows ME, the 2nd with NT 4.0 SP6, 3rd with Win 2k SP1 and the 3rd with Win98SE and with 3COM 10/100 EtherLink cards.)

Disabling autodection (Ethernet duplex settings) on Macs. October 6, 2000 -- Yesterday, we reported an Ethernet network problem with Power Mac G4s and a switch which sounded similar to a problem of mismatched duplex settings the switch and a NIC in a NT server PC. In the case of the PC, readers recommend turning off Autodetection in the PC's NIC.

Today we discovered that Apple has a utility for turning off auto detection in certain Mac models. The Apple Ethernet Speed and Duplex Tool 6.2.1a4c1 can "disable the auto negotiation and set the speed (10 Mbit or 100 Mbit) and duplex (Full or Half) for the built in Ethernet," according to Apple. However, it only works with blue and white Power Macintosh G3, 1999 PowerBook G3 (Bronze version only) and some iMacs using built in Ethernet. It does not work with iMacs with slot-loading CD-ROM drives, Power Macintosh G4, or iBook, according to Apple. (It wasn't clear to use whether the software works on iMacs with slot-loading DVD-ROM drives.)

Aladdin compression utilities now support Windows Me. October 5, 2000 -- Aladdin Systems announced that its line of cross-platform compression/decompression and encoding/decoding utilities for Windows now run on Windows Me. StuffIt for Windows, Aladdin DropStuff, DropZip and Aladdin Expander have all been upgraded for Windows Me and are now available.

Miramar posts Windows Me patch for PC MacLAN. October 5, 2000 -- Miramar Systems has posted a patch for PC MacLAN 95/98 that enables you to run it on Windows Me. PC MacLAN is file and printer sharing software for Windows that enables PCs to connect to Macintosh networks.

Report of RAM Doubler printing conflict with VPC. October 5, 2000 -- Bob Locke reports that RAM Doubler 9.0 causes a printing problem with Virtual PC:

Was having a problem with total freezes on 25 percent of print efforts when printing to an HP 870 Cse Inkjet printer using VPC 3.0 (Win 95), Mac OS 9.0.4, and RAM Doubler 9.0 on my iBook. Tried several tricks suggested by Connectix, but only thing that eliminated freezes (so far) has been disabling RAM Doubler.

DAVE problem and fix with notebook Macs and NT domains. October 5, 2000 -- Mark Phillips reports a problem and a fix with Thursby's DAVE 2.5.1 and NT domains:

I've had a couple of problems with DAVE v2.5.1 running on either iBooks or PowerBook G3's (The Desktop machines G4's & iMac's have not had the problems). There have been two basic problems.....

1, I can not get the machine to authenticate onto a domain across the WAN.

2, If I can get it to attach to a local domain, Retrospect has problems and looses files when I do a duplicate.

I have worked with Alex from Thursby on getting to the bottom of this problem and I have to say that the problems appear to be fixed with their latest set of patches.

It sounds as though the patches are not on general release just yet as the version of the DAVE Client Extension that I have is v2.5.p4. I would have thought that if someone logs a call with Thursby they would be able to get the update.

Duplex problem with new Power Mac Gigabit Ethernet? October 5, 2000 -- Jesper Jurcenoks noticed that five new Power Mac G4s (dual 450's with gigabit Ethernet) connected to a 100 MB network experienced slow file transfers that ground to a halt. Setting the hub to half duplex (and 10 MB) fixed the problem, as did installing a 100 MB Ethernet card in the Macs.

This sounds similar to a problem of mismatched duplex settings the switch and a NIC in a NT server PC, where readers recommended changing the setting from Autosense to full duplex. However, Jurcenoks reports that his other Macs had no problems, so there seems to be a conflict between the Ethernet hardware and a hub or switch. You can read Jurcenoks' report here. If you've seen this, please let us know.

X-platform apps that run on Mac OS X Public Beta. October 4, 2000 -- Apple has posted lists of Mac software that runs on the Mac OS Public X Beta. It has a list of current applications that run in Classic mode as well as a list of native Mac OS X applications. Both are lists of applications that Apple has tested with Mac OS X Public Beta. Apple defines "Classic compatibility" as:

These applications have been tested to ensure they successfully launch, provide basic functionality, and quit as expected on Mac OS X Public Beta.

We've gone through these lists to find cross-platform-enabling software. The current cross-platform-enabling software that runs in Classic mode are:

Virtual PC is not currently listed, but Apple says this list is being continually updated.

Cross-platform-enabling software that has Mac OS X native versions on the list:

Demo versions of Virtual Game Station now available. October 4, 2000 -- Connectix is now offering demonstration versions of Virtual Game Station for Macintosh and Windows. (Virtual Game Station is a Sony Playstation emulator.) The demo version has no time limit, but only allows one-person play and cannot save games.

Another fix for Outlook/Exchange disappearing text insertion bar. October 4, 2000 --Nelson Pereira sent in another fix for the problem of the disappearing text insertion bar in Outlook/Exchange for Mac. He tried the solutions we had listed without success. Pereira's solution is on our Outlook for Exchange Special Report page.

MacNames for Win NT gets an upgrade. October 4, 2000 -- Patrick Peccatte has released MacNames 1.0c (200 FF, about US $28), and new version of the Windows NT utility to fix Mac names on Services for Macintosh volumes. The new version adds two new features:

Clarification to Outlook/Exchange Font tip. October 4, 2000 -- Scott Bittick sent in a clarification to a recently published tip about a problem with Outlook/Exchange caused by bad fonts.s

Solutions update: another VPN system that supports Macs. October 3, 2000 -- We've added NetLOCK from Netlock Technologies to our list of cross-platform Virtual Private Network (VPN) products on our Network Solutions page. NetLOCK is an IPSec-based system consisting of a Gateway running on a Windows NT/2000 PC, two management modules, and the Netlock Agent client for Macintosh, Windows, and Unix. The clients won't work with other VPN systems. NetLOCK works below the transport layer of the TCP/IP protocol, according to the developer, providing "a bulletproof layer of security [that becomes] a part of the network protocols." (Thanks again to John DeMillion for another VPN tip.)

Special keys on new Apple keyboard work with Windows. October 3, 2000 -- Rob Griffiths reports that the volume buttons (up, down, mute) on the new Apple Keyboard Pro work on a PC running Windows 98 Second Edition. Griffiths shares the USB keyboard with both a PowerMac G4 and a PC via a USB KVM switch (the Iogear MiniView). (For more tips on sharing keyboards with Macs and PC, see our Keyboard/Monitor Special Report page.)

Mac password problem on Win2k--but not ExtremeZ-IP on Win2k. October 3, 2000 -- Mike Maday had the problem of Mac users unable to change their Windows 2000 SFM passwords, which we have been reporting since March. His solution was to replaces Services for Macintosh:

We experienced all the same issues with a user resetting their password from a Mac workstation, only to have it seemingly not be recognized by the domain controller(s) when that same user logged on to a PC. We found a solution! ExtremeZ-IP. It didn't have the lost-Mac-password issue and supports Apple-encrypted passwords, rather than the insecure clear text type, for authentication. This means we don't have to touch any Mac clients to install any MS UAMs!

Installing Samba on Mac OS X Public Beta. October 3, 2000 -- MacNN has a page with information on installing Samba on Mac OS X Public Beta. (Samba is an open-source file server for Windows clients.)

Tenon releases beta of X Window system for Mac OS X. October 3, 2000 -- Tenon Instersystems has posted a beta release of Xtools, an X Window environment for Mac OS X. Xtools allows X Window applications running on other machines (such as Unix, Linux, and NT) to be displayed on the Mac OS X desktop using the Aqua interface. Xtools also includes X Window tools and libraries to support local execution of X applications and X games on OS X. The finished release will ship when Mac OS X ships next year.

Risk is risky on VPC. October 3, 2000 -- Frederic Washer reports that Risk 2, the computer game version of the old board game from Hasbro Interactive, crashes when running under Virtual PC 3.0.3. "It starts to run but always crashes before actual gaming starts," he said. Washer also reports that MacSoft is planning to release a Macintosh version this month. We've added Risk II to our list of Windows software that has problems with Virtual PC.

September 2000

Windows NT/2000 utility fixes Mac file names. September 29, 2000 -- Patrick Peccatte has released MacNames 1.0 (200 FF, about US $28), a utility for Windows NT/2000 that automatically renames Macintosh files stored on a Windows NT/2000 Server using Services For Macintosh. MacNames will remove illegal characters and add filenames extensions, and it can continuously check predefined folders. MacNames can be installed as a Windows NT Service. (We've added MacNames to our list of cross-platform file tools on the MacWindows File Solutions page.)

Mac renaming utility upgrade adds. September 29, 2000 -- Frank Reiff has posted A Better Finder Rename 3.3 (US $15), a new version of the Mac utility for renaming batches of Mac files. Th site says "The new version allows Unix and Windows-style file extensions to be removed automatically."

Another suggestion for Mac FTP through MS Proxy Server. September 29, 2000 -- Yesterday we reported a suggestion to use the "Socks4 App" included with Interarchy 3.8 to fix Mac FTP problems with MS Proxy Server. Peter Norman has a similar fix:

I've been using the SOCKS app that comes with Interarchy's predecessor (Anarchy) for almost a year now. It works very well from behind Microsoft Proxy Server 2.0.

More important, it even lets me use Eudora (even version 5) instead of Outlook Express 5 (which supports SOCKS Proxy stuff). It rocks!

NEW TIP: AirPort encryption with a 3COM base station. September 29, 2000 -- Darryl Lee sent us a tip on how to get encryption working with Apple AirPort cards and a 3COM base station (access point). The procedure requires the AirPort client software version 1.2. You can read Lee's tip on our Cross-platform Wireless Networks special report page.

Followup on Basilisk II. September 29, 2000 -- Mimir Essedari adds this to his report on running Basilisk II, a Mac emulator for PCs, on networks:

Installed Linux Mandrake 7.1 through VMWare. Installed Basilisk II 8.1 using sheep_net. Once sheep_net was installed, 7.5.3 would no longer boot. Ran my 8.1 drive, and it would boot, but I can't get any AppleTalk connectivity, and TCP/IP appears to work until I go to use Netscape 4.08, where it stops responding right before the browser window opens. This has delayed my life long ambition of having two virtual Mac's talking together through Linux and Windows on the same machine...

I installed Win2K Pro, and Basilisk II sped up to the point where it runs as fast as native apps!

Solutions update: another VPN product for Macs. September 28, 2000 -- We've added V-ONE's SmartGate and SmartPass virtual private network (VPN) products to the product listings on our Network Solutions page. SmartPass is a VPN client for Windows, Macintosh, Red Hat Linux, and Solaris. The client works with the SmartGate server for Windows NT Server, Red Hat Linux 6.0 and 6.1, BSD (UNIX) 4.0 and 4.1, and Solaris 2.5.1 and 2.6. The system uses the IPsec protocol. (Thanks to John DeMillion for the tip.)

Suggestion for Mac FTP through MS Proxy Server. September 28, 2000 -- In response to our reports of uploading problems with Mac FTP software through MS Proxy Server 2.0, Charles Christensen has a suggestion:

I've been consulting MacWindows for the past 2 years or so, in my quest to be able to FTP upload through our MS Proxy 2.0 server with my Mac.

I asked our network administrator to install MS Proxy Server Service Pack 1, then used the "Socks4 App" included with Interarchy 3.8. Using this little application, I'm able to connect with full upload/download capability with NetFinder, Fetch, even GoLive.

If anyone cares to give this a try, we'd appreciate hearing about the result.

New version of the Associator X-platform file tool. September 28, 2000 -- Pete Mellows (who says he has been "lazing around in Sydney for the Olympic Games") has released version 2.55 of the Associator, a cross-platform file management utility for Macintosh. The Associator maps PC extensions to Mac type and creator code and adds correct PC extensions to the file names and removes illegal characters. The new version sports over a dozen new features and improvements, including:

Lismore Giving away some copies of emulators. September 28, 2000 -- Lismore Software Systems is running a promotion that is giving away copies of Blue Label PowerEmulator 1.6 Special Edition CD-ROM on a daily basis, according to the company. To enter, fill out a marketing form at the site, including an email address. Lismore will select winners in a random drawing. The promotion runs until October 25, 2000.

Running Linux on Blue Label PowerEmulator. September 28, 2000 -- Sergio Zordanis having trouble running getting Linux to run on Blue Label Power Emulator on an iBook. The iBook hangs during installation of Linux (RedHat, Mandrake, SuSE 6.2/6.3). He can install FreeBSD 3.4, but it halts at boot up. If you have any experience with Linux and BLPE, please share it with us.

Zordanis also says that Windows 98 SE runs slowly compared to Virtual PC. However, he does like some aspects of BLPE "I was amazed for the great number of options related to the hardware configuration, and for the "boot from CD" option missing in the Connectix Virtual PC 3." (Zordanis' report is on our Blue Label PowerEmulator special report page.)

New Tip: PCs, AirPort, encryption, and Dell drivers. September 25, 2000 -- Charles Johnson found it difficult to disable encryption on his Dell PCs with Lucent cards connected to a wireless network via an AirPort Base Station. He solved the problem by replacing the Dell drivers with Aironet drivers, which also turned out to be faster and had some other advantages as well. You can read Johnson's report on our Special Report on AirPort Base Station and PCs.

Mac drivers for MS input devices. September 25, 2000 -- A Microsoft web page has links to free Mac drivers for using six Microsoft USB keyboards, mice, and a trackball with Macs.

Collection of MS info on Win 2k Server and Macs. September 25, 2000 -- Microsoft has gathered together a collection of information on Services for Macintosh and Windows 2000 Server, including a how-to-install SFM article, some definitions, and links (including one that will take you right back here--thank you, Microsoft.)

MS Proxy SP1 fixes problems with images, FTP upload. September 25, 2000 -- John Lockwood reports that installing Service Pack 1 to Microsoft Proxy Server 2.0 fixes the problem with Internet Explorer for Mac not always loading all images on a web page.

A reader named Raul found that SP1 fixed a problem he was having with Macs uploading files to an FTP site through MS Proxy Server 2.0. Raul tried Internet Explorer 4.5 and Anarchie and got the same result:

Whenever I drag a file to a site what happen is it will just open the file, like if it is a .sit file it will just decompress. I try downloading a file there is no problem.

He describes the cause:

It is due to the Socks Server always performing a hard reset on the Internet Socket closure in order to save time. This in turn, causes the FTP server to reset during the PUT command. What I did is I installed the latest service pack for Proxy Server and it works.

(For more on Macs and MS Proxy Server, see our special report on the subject.)

Another FTP problem with MS Proxy. September 25, 2000 -- John Lockwood found that MS Proxy Server SP1 did not fix: he can't get Fetch or Interarchy to work. He can FTP with Netscape and Internet Explorer by using Port 80, but this doesn't work with Fetch or Interarchy. (We have a more detailed description of Lockwood's problem on our MS Proxy special report page.) If you seen this problem, please let us know.

Group Logic names European distributor for ExtremeZ-IP. September 25, 2000 -- Group Logic has named 2Di, Ltd. as its European distributor. 2Di will distribute ExtremeZ-IP, the AFP-over-TCP/IP server software for Windows NT, for access by Mac clients. 2Di will also distribute MassTransit, a cross-platform file transfer utility, as well as Group Logic's other software. 2Di is based in London and Antwerp, Belgium.

Basilisk II in a network environment. September 25, 2000 -- Mimir Essedari is successfully using the Basilisk II Macintosh emulator in a Mac environment. His report is on our Mac Emulators special report page.

More on moving Mac files from NetWare-to-NT. September 22, 2000 -- A large number of readers replied to yesterday's item about the loosing the resource forks of Mac files when moving them from a NetWare server to NT Server. Most people said that the only solution is move the files from a Macintosh: mount both servers and use the Finder to copy files. (Thanks to everyone who wrote in.)

We were wondering if there was a workaround to this, such as using software that enables Windows to recognize Mac resource forks, such as MacOpener (DataViz) or MacDrive 2000 (Media Four).

More on Win 2000 incorrect files size problem. September 22, 2000 -- David Dutt describes the problem of Windows 2000 Server is reporting incorrect file sizes to Macs in more detail:

Our users have been noticing incorrect file sizes also. If we Get Info on the files, it shows the proper size in parenthesis. We see the same thing as Dave Harty and Jeff Churchwell. Most files under 5MB appear as 5.2 MB. Other sized files show sizes closer to their actually size. For example, we have some 10 MB files that show up as 13 MB.

Problem with DAVE, VPN, and NetBIOS. September 22, 2000 -- A reader named Janet is having problems with using DAVE and NetBIOS on a virtual private network. The only way she can get it to work:

I can click on DAVE in my Chooser, let it time-out and tell me my Master Domain is not answering, and then force it to connect me to servers at work with their known IP numbers. Then, I alias the server icons, and use those from then on out to connect to my servers.

You can read her description of the problem on our DAVE special report page. If you have any insight into this issue, please let us know.

French-language page describes using Mac files and NTFS. September 22, 2000 --Patrick Peccatte has a French-language web page called "Windows NT et les fichiers Macintosh" (Windows NT and Macintosh files), which explains in how Windows NT's NTFS can support the peculiarities of Mac files and differences in file naming.

More on SoftMac 2000 problems with sound and printing. September 22, 2000 -- Jordan Bettcher, webmaster of EmuMac, has previously reported problems with sound and printing in SoftMac 2000, a Mac emulator from Emulators, Inc.. Now he expands on the topic, and is convinced that the emulator does not support these features. He also compares SoftMac to Fusion, which Emulators Inc. also offers. You can read Bettcher's report on our Mac Emulators special report page.

Mac USB communication with Psion handhelds. September 22, 2000 -- Brian Durant suspects that there will soon be a PC serial-to-USB adapter to connect Psion handheld devices to Macs. He reports:

MacCentral is quoting a story from The Register about Psion having released a statement that they will release an update/upgrade for Mac Connect in early 2001.

Having looked at the Psion RevoPlus technical section, the RevoPlus being the newest product by Psion, I have noticed that they site states the following:

To bring you high-speed connection to PCs, Macs, printers, mobile phones and modems, Revo Plus provides a 10-way docking connector for RS232 serial communications. Capable of 115K, this practical tool stays hidden on the base when Revo Plus is closed.

This appears to me that they probably already have a USB connection adapter in the works, which is what MacCentral also speculates about.

PC MACLAN for Win NT/2000 offers AFP over IP, non-Postscript printing. September 21, 2000 -- Miramar Systems yesterday released PC MACLAN for Windows NT/2000 (US $199; upgrades from any previous version of PC MACLAN from $69-$99), the latest installment of its 2-way, cross-platform file and print sharing solution. The new version uses the AppleShare-compatible Apple Filing Protocol (AFP) over TCP/IP, which is faster than AppleTalk. Unlike AFP-over-IP servers (such as ExtremeZ-IP or MacServerIP, or Win 2000 SFM) the PC MACLAN for Windows NT/2000 also includes an AFP-over-IP client that enables the PC to access AFP/IP-based Mac or UNIX servers.

The new PC MACLAN now includes Ghostscript, a freeware Postscript-compatible RIP that allows Mac users to print to non-Postscript PC printers. As before, PC MACLAN still enables PCs to print to Mac Postscript printers. Also included in the bundle is DataViz' MacOpener, a utility that enables PCs to read Mac-formatted disks, Miramar's PC Migrator for correcting file names while moving Mac files to Windows, and several cross-platform file compatibility utilities. PC MACLAN for Windows NT/2000 runs on the Server and Workstation/Professional versions of NT and 2000.

Finder Views with NT Server. September 21, 2000 -- Marshall Hall points out that on Mac clients to NT Server, Finder Views (window size, view type, sort order, icon size, columns displayed, etc.) of each share and their child directories are not saved. That is, every time one of these SFM volumes is unmounted and remounted, all of the views have are reset. The reason:

Mac users that do not have Full access under NTFS permissions do not have their Finder View saved. Those that do (e.g. Domain Admins) have Full access work as expected.

When a user manually sets View Options, the Finder will change the view as expected. But the next action a user takes (causing the Finder to poll the server for View information) makes the View regress to its previous setting.

Mac resource forks lost on NetWare-to-NT migration. September 21, 2000 -- Nicolas Ballet reports a problem when moving Mac files from a Novell NetWare environment to Microsoft BackOffice Server 4.5 (Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 6):

Macintosh files now appear with a PC icon since they have been transferred from NetWare. Indeed copying (or moving) a Mac file from Novell to NT e.g. using Windows Explorer, results in losing its file properties or resource fork.

I have tried MacOpener 5.0 to fix to issue without success. Firstly, the NT Mac support stops working as the drive formatted in no longer NTFS. Secondly, the latter software does not actually support stripe or volume sets.

If you've seen this problem or know of a solution, please let us know.

Solution: Moving Favorites from IE 5.0 Mac to IE 5.5 Win. September 20, 2000 -- We received several reader responses to yesterday's question on how to move Favorites from Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0 Mac to Internet Explorer 5.5 Windows. Most readers recommend using Netscape Communicator as an intermediary.

Gundolf Freyermuth describes the method: "Export from IE Mac. Import into Netscape Mac. Export again. Import into IE Windows."

Stephen recommends doing this on the PC:

  1. Copy "favorites.html" to your PC
  2. Open Netscape Communicator
  3. Go to Netscape's bookmarks window and import your favorites.html file.
  4. Close Netscape, Open IE
  5. Now, from IE's file menu, choose import...
  6. Walk through the dialogs to import your NETSCAPE bookmarks file.

Dr. Robert Sundquist describes it for use with Virtual PC:

I exported the Mac favorites to the desktop, then imported them into Netscape Navigator. Next, I exported the Navigator bookmarks to the desktop and renamed that file Favorites.htm. Dragged that file to the VPC Windows desktop and imported that file into IE for Windows.

Ron Oshiro had a different approach -- using the BookmarkSync web site. He says:

By creating an account at the following site, bookmarks can be synchronized on both Mac's and PCs or imported and exported between computers of the same and differing platforms.

Login to your newly created account and upload your bookmarks. Connect with the other computer and download your bookmarks. The only problem that I've had is that since the Mac and PC use different named locations for storing links that appear on the toolbar in IE, those favorites are not automatically synchronized but instead stay in their separate folders (but still appear, Mac's favorites are in a folder on the PC and the PC's favorites are in a folder on the Mac).

There are also a choice of synchronization methods (Palm Pilot people will understand the sync methods...

Nice thing is that even when you are not at your own computer you can login to your account and access your bookmarks are they are stored online. Even better, you can make your bookmarks available to others and access the bookmarks of others that also have been shared!

New Tip: sharing a monitor between Mac and PC. September 20, 2000 -- A reader called Skinny had problems with finding the right monitor cables to share a 17-inch Apple Studio Display (blue and white) with a Power Mac G3 (blue and white) and a HP Pavillion PC. He went through several switch boxes and four sets of cables, had problems with ghosting and display resolutions, and has come to these conclusions:

For the blue and white Studio Display, skinny needed a cable that had pin 15--without it, he could only display at 640 x 480 resolution. To prevent ghosting, he needed a cable that is "super shielded" and to have ferrites. (We've added this tip to our Tips for Sharing Keyboards and Monitors page.)

Sun acquires Cobalt Networks for $2 billion; will drop Linux. September 20, 2000 -- Sun Microsystems will purchase Cobalt Networks for $2 billion in a stock trade. Cobalt Networks is the maker of Linux-based server appliances which support Windows and Macintosh clients. A CNET story says that Sun plans to abandon Linux and migrate the server appliances to the Solaris operating system. (In July, Cobalt said it might sue Apple over the G4 Cube due to the similarities to Cobalt's Qube.)

Cross-platform wireless mouse. September 20, 2000 -- Xsense Connectivity that it will ship a 2-button, scrolling-wheel wireless mouse for Mac and PC, the AeroMouse (US $59.99) on October 15, 2000. Because the AeroMouse runs at 900 MHz RF (radio frequency) instead of the more common 27 MHz RF, it can be used up to 15 feet or more away from the USB receiver, and is not affected by objects in line of sight, according to Xsense. Not drivers are required for PCs (Plug-and-Play compatible). AeroMouse comes with a control panel for Macs.

Aladdin to run ads in its free software. September 20, 2000 -- Aladdin Systems, makers of cross-platform compression utilities for Mac OS and Windows, has announced that it will soon include advertisements in the free versions of it's software, such as Expander. Aladdin will be using Flex PC technology from Conducent, Inc. to change its freeware into "adware," as the company calls it. Users can eliminated the ads by paying for and registering the software.

Windows 2000 successor set for April 2001. September 19, 2000 -- A ZDNet story reports that ZDNet sources say that Microsoft has set a date of April 18, 2001, the release-to-manufacturing date of the successor to Windows 2000, code-named Whistler. The first beta release of Whistler is to occur this October. ZDNet also says that Whistler's successor, code-named Blackcomb, is scheduled to ship during the second half of 2002. (Whistler and Blackcomb are named after two topnotch downhill ski areas in British Columbia, Canada, north of Vancouver.)

Last week, Microsoft shipped the consumer Windows Me, the successor to Windows 98.

MacPopUp instant messenger. September 19, 2000 -- Kanex Group Inc. yesterday released MacPopUp 2.1 (US $10, free update), a cross-platform instant messaging utility for Macintosh. The TCP/IP utility can be used to send messages to Windows and UNIX users, and accepts speech commands. New features include:

Moving Favorites from IE 5.0 Mac to IE 5.5 Win. September 19, 2000 -- Ingvar Ericson is trying to move his Favorites from MS Internet Explorer 5.0 Mac to Internet Explorer 5.5 Windows, but has not been successful:

Exporting the favorites file from the Mac works fine. I deleted the "l" at the end of "html" and then tried to import it into IE 5.5 Win. I just get an error message that it is not a proper html-file. Do you have any ideas how to solve this?

We don't, but if you do, please let us know.

Installing Windows Me on VPC on an Italian system. September 19, 2000 -- Sven Gustafsson was able to install Windows Me on Virtual PC using the workaround to bypass the speed test we've reported. However, on his Italian Mac OS system, he ran into other problems with video drivers:

He says:

In particular, the S3 Video Drivers and the Video Display Drivers cause VPC (or Windows ME) not to quit and display the blinking cursor in the lower right part of the DOS screen appearing just when the VPC window should disappear (returning to the Finder); the Windows Support Files (only those of the 3.0.3A update), on the other hand, cause Windows ME to crash with a "blue screen of death."

By installing all the additions except the aforementioned, everything works quite well, just as in Windows 98; only, the lack of the updated video drivers limits the screen resolution to thousands of colors - not a major problem!

Gustafsson uses a Power Mac G4 AGP 450 MHz with 128 MB RAM, of which 83 000 KB are allocated to VPC, and Italian Mac OS 9.0.4.

Internet Call Waiting for Mac: "alpha" testers wanted. September 19, 2000 -- The ICW Mac development team at Nortel has issued a public alpha version of Internet Call Waiting Mac. Nortel told MacWindows that while it doesn't yet have a Voice-over-IP feature, it does include an option to have your Mac verbally announce incoming phone calls. (See screenshots here.) This is not a finished product, and Nortel says it is still uncommitted to "productizing" the Mac client. If you'd like to see the Mac client become a finished product, you can email Nortel.

4-port Gigabit switch for under US $1000. September 19, 2000 -- Xsense Connectivity, Inc. announced GigaSwitch, which it says is the first 4-port Gigabit Ethernet over copper switch for under US $1000 (just barely, at US $999). The switch is set to ship in November. (As of today, the Xsense web site doesn't have any information about the GigaSwitch.)

New PC compression utility: StuffIt 5.5 for Windows. September 18, 2000 -- Aladdin Systems is now shipping StuffIt 5.5 for Windows (US $29.95, or a $10 upgrade), a new cross-platform compression/decompression utility package for Windows, based on the Macintosh utility. (Previously, Aladdin offered only Expander and DropStuff for Windows.) StuffIt 5.5 for Windows contains four user interfaces: StuffIt Browser. DropStuff, DropZip, and Aladdin Expander. StuffIt Browser is a Windows Explorer-like interface to archive, encode or access files, and lets you copy, move, rename files and synchronize directories.

The package handles Macintosh, PC, and Unix compression standards, including .SIT , .ZIP, and a dozen other PC and Unix formats. It can also decode Mime/Base 64, Uuencoded files and the Mac formats BinHex (.HQX) and MacBinary (.BIN).

The software can be purchased online, and will be in retail stores by October, according to Aladdin. (We've added StuffIt 5.5 for Windows to our list of products on our Compression Solutions page.)

Emulators Inc. "scraps" its PowerPC emulator, offers refund for SoftMac. September 18, 2000 -- Emulators Inc. has announced that it has discontinued development of its PowerPC emulator (for running modern Mac software on Windows computers). In a web-posted "open letter to all Emulators customers," company founder Darek Mihocka said that "The PowerPC public beta we announced at Macworld [Expo] is scrapped."

It wasn't clear if he company plans to resume a PowerPC emulator project. For instance, Mihocka says that he is "shelving further development on the whole SoftMac Professional PowerPC product until next summer." Yet, in another place, he says that the PowerPC project "is being shelved indefinitely." In the long message, Mihocka puts the reason for the action on the release of the Mac OS X beta, the lack of a Pentium 4 processor, and customers who expect to much. ("We don't apologize to stupid customers," said Mihocka.)

The message also offers a full refund to people who purchased the company's 680x0 emulator, SoftMac 2000, after June 15. People who purchased SoftMac 2000 between March 15 and June 14 can get a 50 percent refund. The refund offers continue until September 30th. Mihocka also said that satisfied customers will receive free CD-ROM upgrade to SoftMac 2000 SR-3 upgrade, but did not say when that would be. The new version will add Windows ME support and support over 1 gigabyte of memory.

Another company, Microcode Solutions, claims that it will create a PowerPC emulator called iFusion. However, Microcode Solutions has announced PowerPC emulators before, and recently sold its Fusion 680x0 emulator -- to Emulators Inc.

New Tip: Configuring serial devices in Virtual PC. September 18, 2000 --Gregory Smith sent us a tip for configuring Virtual PC to use devices connected to older Macs' serial port. He credits John Feinberg for the tip, which we've posted on our Virtual PC 3 special reports page.

VPC USB "different version" than Compaq's. September 18, 2000 -- In an update to Mark Srebnik's report that his Compaq iPaq 3630 PocketPC can't communicate with Virtual PC via a USB port, Srebnik told us that he tried the suggestion from Compaq's FAQ to no avail. The reason, he says, is that Compaq is using newer USB protocol than VPC, according to Compaq tech support.

Reader note on Blue Label PowerEmulator. September 18, 2000 -- Jonathan Hartland reports that though he had problems with Blue Label PowerEmulator 1.0, current versions work without crashing. (BLPE is a PC emulator for Macs, an alternative to Virtual PC or SoftWindows. We have our own BLPE page as well.)

File erasing for Windows and Mac. September 18, 2000 -- The ARC Company has released ShredIt 2.9 for Windows (US $10), a security utility that permanently and unreconverably removes files from a hard disk. The current Macintosh version is ShredIt 4.7. (Thanks to Robert Wiebe)

ADC-to-DVI connector cable coming next month. September 18, 2000 -- An ADC-to-DVI converter connector (US $39.00) will be available in October from the Apple Store web site (in the Software and Accessories section, go to Displays listed under Accessories). The cable lets you connect last years Apple Cinema Display (22-inch LCD) and Apple Studio Display (15-inch LCD) to current Power Mac G4 and G4 Cube. However, you will still need a separate power cable and USB cable for the displays. The converter cable will not let you connect the Apple's current monitors to older Macs or any PC.

Solutions update: Free VPN client for Macs. September 15, 2000 -- PGP Freeware v6.5.8 is a free security package for Mac and Windows that contains PGPnet, a virtual private network client. Distributed by MIT, PGP Freeware is a free version of the commercial PGP Desktop Security package. We've add PGP Freeware to our list of Mac-Windows integration enabling products on our Network Solutions page. (Thanks to Dan Wright for pointing that out.)

Simple utility fixes slow 'net sharing connection. September 15, 2000 -- Dr. Kevin Lepard sent us a tip for optimizing the speed of a shared Internet connection. He runs the Sygate Internet gateway (using NAT) on an IBM ThinkPad to share a high-speed Internet connection (in this case a 2-way antenna that communicates with a microwave antenna). He shares the connection with a Mac 7600 running OS 9.0.4. The problem: download was fine, but he couldn't upload "more than a couple of bytes by any protocol I could test (HTTP, SMTP, FTP)." The fix:

I managed to fix this problem with the excellent OT Advanced Tuner from Sustainable Softworks. The problem was related to the MTU size. To get data flowing up as well as down I had to adjust two parameters, ip_pmtu_strategy and ip_interface_MTU.

I changed the MTU size from its default of 1500 to 1300 to match the size set on the Sygate server, and changed the ip_pmtu_strategy from the default of 1 to 2. Interestingly, just matching the MTU sizes, either by adjusting the Mac, Sygate Server, or both failed. ip_pmtu_strategy had to be changed as well.

Another reader with Win2K and Mac file size problem. September 15, 2000 -- Jeff Churchwell also sees the problem we reported yesterday with Windows 2000 Services for Macintosh:

Our company has noticed the identical problem to the one reported by Dave Harty. Win 2000 reports file sizes of 5.2 Mb on a variety of file types, including Photoshop and Illustrator files. We are running Win 2000, no service pack.

AppleShare Prep file corruption and Win2K Server. September 15, 2000 -- Jeff Churchwell also notes a problem with corrupted AppleShare prep files in Mac clients:

We have rebooted the Win 2000 server a number of times in the last two weeks, and have noticed that Mac OS 8.6 users have had their AppleShare Prep files modified and/or corrupted if those users were logged in to the server when it was restarted. The symptom is that if they had auto-logon enabled in the Chooser, they are asked to log on to each server TWICE, rather than once.

More on Cisco switches, spanning tree, and AppleTalk. September 15, 2000 -- Warren Smart notes that the Spanning Tree protocol seems to be switched on by default in new Cisco switches. This causes AppleTalk devices to disappear from the Chooser, but in this case, a whole zone disappeared. Turning off Spanning tree on all 48 ports in the switch, one by one, fixed it for him.

Speculation on linking of disappearing Win2K SP1 problem. September 15, 2000 -- Shawn Barnhart speculates on the cause of the problem where Windows 2000 Server with Service Pack 1 disappears from the Chooser. He proposes that it is similar to a problem he has seen with DEC Ethernet cards: the NIC indicating a good link to upper layers and causing AppleTalk to not bind properly. You can read Barnhart's analysis on our Windows 2000 special report page.

"Unix-savvy" Mac OS X public beta now for sale. September 14, 2000 -- Yesterday, Apple released Mac OS X public beta (US $29 from the Apple web site). English, French and German versions are available now, with Japanese to follow. (See also the Apple press release.) The beta requires 128 MB RAM and an Apple stock PowerPC G3 or G4 processor, except for the original PowerBook G3. Processor upgrade cards are also not supported.

Apple calls Mac OS X "Unix-savvy," in that it supports:

However, a ZDNet story says that the interface of this release still retains much of its Unix-like NeXTstep heritage. Ted Landau of MacFixIt describes how radically different OS X is from OS 9 under the hood.

We will present a more detailed report on the cross-platform implications of Mac OS X once we receive a copy next week.

Could the Win2k SP1 bug be related to the switch Spanning Tree issue? September 14, 2000 -- We received another report from a reader who is having the problem where Windows 2000 Server with Service Pack 1 disappears from the Chooser on Mac clients. Shawn Barnhart speculates that there might be some delay in name registration, or perhaps that "SFM is getting started before Win2k's AppleTalk stack is ready to handle NBP requests." Barnhart's report is on our Windows 2000 special report page.

We still don't have the answer, but it occurs to us that the symptoms here are similar to the disappearing AppleTalk Devices problem caused by the Spanning Tree Protocol of switches that we have been reporting on recently. The Win2k SP1 SFM problem sounds similar in that we have an AppleTalk device disappearing from the Chooser. There are differences: readers report only the server disappearing, and only with SP1. However, the fact that some readers report NOT having the problem might point at some outside agent, such a switch. Perhaps SP1 is more susceptible somehow.

We'd like to hear your thoughts on this theory. Could these two problems be related somehow, or are we on the wrong track?

Another VPC problem with a USB device. September 14, 2000 -- Roger Lilly reports that he is unable to get a USB global positioning system unit for downloading maps to work with Virtual PC--though it worked well on an older Mac via a serial port. His report is on our Virtual PC 3 special report page. (A few days ago we reported a USB problem with VPC and another device, a Pocket PC.) Virtual PC is supposed to have complete USB support, emulating a USB chip.

Win 2k reporting incorrect file sizes? September 14, 2000 -- Dave Harty reports that Windows 2000 Server is reporting incorrect file sizes to Macs:

We have a brand new Dell server running Windows 2000 with SFM (no service packs). We use this machine to hold all of our Creative files. It was brought to my attention that all of our Quark files now have a file size of 5.1MB. If you do a Get Info on the file it will give you the correct size however. I haven't found any mention of this on the MS site, Quark or your forums. It affects OS 8.5.1 and up as far as I can tell. Windows machines will report the correct file size.

New Linux server supports dual-processor Power Macs. September 14, 2000 --Terra Soft Solutions has Champion Server v1.2.1, and up dated version of its Yellow Dog Linux. The new version adds enables the kernel to support for new dual-processor Power Mac G4. However, level-2 cache is not supported in this release. Terra Soft Solutions has posted a free public beta of the kernel update. It is also taking on-line pre-orders for Champion Server 1.2.1 online now.

InfoWave sells PowerPrint division. September 13, 2000 -- InfoWave, maker of the PowerPrint utilities for Mac printing to PC printers, has sold its Imaging Division to Software 2000, Ltd. The new owner has created Strydent Software, a wholly owned subsidiary, to carry the PowerPrint line and StyleScript, a PostScript RIP for Macs.

Mac OS X public beta to debut. September 13, 2000 -- Apple is expected to release the public beta of Mac OS X today at Apple Expo 2000 in Paris. MacWindows will be covering the cross-platform aspects of Mac OS X in the days and weeks ahead.

SOLUTION and problem: fonts and Outlook/Exchange for Mac. September 13, 2000 -- Scott Bittick found an odd problem with Outlook/Exchange 8.2 for Mac that seemed to be related to fonts. A user's e-mail was "stuck" in her inbox. The mailbox showed 30 messages, but none of them appear on the right hand view window; clicking on the inbox did not display the messages. Bittick tried the repair took, rebuilding the Desktop, and removing the Prefs file to no avail. He finally found this solution:

  1. Remove old Outlook including prefs
  2. Put the Fonts folder on the desktop and reboot
  3. Reinstall Outlook & config
  4. Put the fonts back in and reboot.

For more font-related problem with Outlook, see our our Outlook/Exchange 8.2 for Mac special report page.

More advice on AppleTalk, Spanning trees, and Cisco "Portfast." September 13, 2000 -- Michael Perbix sent in some additional advice to add to the solution to disappearing AppleTalk devices, which we published on September 5.

I can confirm that the PORTFAST option being enabled [which turns off spanning tree protocol] does solve most problems with Apple networking on Cisco Equipment. There have been a few issues with 6500/5500 using built in 10 Base-T comm slot Ethernet hardware (from factory) with auto negotiation on Cisco hardware. We had to force the network ports to 10 half to get it to work. Adding a third Party PCI driver also helped, and the problem does not seem to exist on newer Macintosh hardware.

Help in getting Compaq iPaqUSB connection to work with VPC 3.03. September 13, 2000 --Jacob Kotzubei sent some advise in getting the Compaq iPaq's USB connection to work with Virtual PC. This recommendation is from Compaq on how to establish an ActiveSync connection over USB in Windows. You can read it on our Virtual PC 3 Notes and Reports page.

Compaq wireless cards on Airport networks. September 13, 2000 -- In response to our September 6 item about not beging able to get Compaq wireless cards to work with AirPort, a reader says that it works for him, but makes this recommendation:

"The Lucent cards are of much higher quality however... don't cheap out on this!"

MacLinkPlus update fixes OS 8.1 bug. September 13, 2000 -- DataViz has release MacLinkPlus 12.001 update, which fixes a bug with Mac OS 8.1 that causes crashing during certain spreadsheet translations.

Apple Knowledge Base site switches from W2k to Mac. September 13, 2000 -- On the eve of the Mac OS X public beta release, Apple appears to have switched from using Windows 2000 to Mac OS X to host its new Apple Knowledge Base tech support site, according to the NetCraft web server OS detector web site. On September 5, we reported that NetCraft told MacWindows that Apple was using Microsoft-IIS 5.0 on Win2000, switched to Apache, then removed the "Win32" from the server signature after the story broke.

Virtual private network Mac client uses IPSec. September 11, 2000 -- Frequent MacWindows readers may know that Macintosh virtual private network (VPN) clients are few and far between. There is now a Mac VPN client that uses the IPSec protocol as well as IETF IKE standards--PGP Desktop Security 7.0 (US $126, also available for Windows) from PGP Security (a Network Associates Network Associates business). PGP Desktop Security is a suite that the company describes as "the first and only security product to combine personal firewall, intrusion detection, VPN client, and encryption technologies into a single solution." It also includes supports for split/non-split tunnels, IPCOMP-based compression and IKE "mode config" standards. It even supports Claris Emailer 2.x.

We've added PGP Desktop Security to our list of integration-enabling products on the MacWindows Network Solutions page. (Thanks to John DeMillion tipping us off about this solution.)

Lucent WaveLAN card in AirPort Base Station? September 11, 2000 -- Michael Shields has a web site that says Apple's AirPort Base Station communicates via an internal Lucent WaveLAN Silver card. Shields shows the card in photos of a dismantled Base Station, and describes how to upgrade the card to a Lucent WaveLAN Gold card.

Shields also claims the AirPort Base Station is powered by a 486 processor.

MS Keyboard and KVM sharing. September 11, 2000 -- Fred Gildred confirms that the Microsoft Natural Keyboard Sleep key's ability to bring up the Mac "Restart, Sleep, Cancel, Shutdown" window is a documented feature. (On September 5, we reported that a reader had discovered this by accident using the new Microsoft USB Mac driver.)

Gildred also controls both a Mac and a PC using the MS Natural Keyboard, a MacAlly iSweetNet mouse (with scroll wheel), and a ViewSonic monitor. You can read about it on our Tips for Sharing Keyboards and Monitors page.

Recommend cable didn't work with blue and white monitor. September 11, 2000 -- A reader reports that the Data Comm Warehouse DCA1003 monitor cable did not work for him with a video switch box, 17-inch Apple Studio Display (blue and white), sharing with with a Power Mac G3 (blue and white) and a HP Pavillion PC. The reader said: "black screens...no sync...no image. Nothing." Other cables did work for him. (We recommended this cable to prevent ghosting in our Guide to Mac/PC Sharing of Keyboard and Monitor special report.

Cable connects WinCE to Mac serial port running Win emulator September 11, 2000 -- PDA Concepts offers the WinCE=>Mac Connection Cable (US $21.95) for connecting a Windows CE hand held devices to an older Mac serial port (not on current Macs). The purpose is to communicate with Windows running on a Mac with Virtual PC or SoftWindows. (Thanks to Mark Srebnik.)

FileMaker Mobile moves X-platform database to Palm OS. September 11, 2000 -- FileMaker, Inc. yesterday demonstrated a Palm OS version of its FileMaker database at the Go Mobile conference in Las Vegas, NV, Sept.10-13. FileMaker Mobile for Palm OS will allow Windows and Mac users to transfer and synchronize FileMaker Pro databases data with Palm handheld devices. FileMaker Mobile is scheduled to ship early next year at under US $100, according to the company.

File and character set conversion for East European languages. September 11, 2000 -- United Computers Consultants convert files from one East European Language to another and convert from Macintosh and Windows formats. The company describes its services:

Language (character set) and file conversion Windows->Mac for
  • Greek
  • Turkish
  • Cyrillic
  • All CE/LE European languages

from Word for Windows into Word for Mac '98, occasional Quark Xpress 3.x/4.x while maintaining all special and language specific characters and formatting.

Even support for all prior releases of Mac OS which don't support language sets for these specific languages.

Thomas Krim of United Computers Consultants describes it this way:

[The] service is especially for those who do not own OS 9, who do not want to install a language kit extra for just viewing one single document in a foreign language, and as well for those languages which are not covered by OS 9, i. e. Greek, Turkish, etc...

For information, e-mail United Computers Consultants. (There is no web site at this point.)

More on VPC/Linux and bootable disk images. September 11, 2000 -- Responding to our Sept. 7 report that VPC with Linux doesn't support bootable disk images, Raymond Yuan reports that he uses Mac disk images to do this:

I too have bought VPC with RedHat Linux, but managed to install my own copy of Window 98 SE. VPC (Linux) _does_ indeed recognize and boot off disk images! It works with Aladdin Shrinkwrap and Apple's Disk Copy formats.

The "Install Other OSs" component is noticeably absent in VPC 3.0. The drag and drop and volume sharing features can be found under the "Extras" folder of the "Virtual PC" folder. OR it can also be downloaded off the web (as Connectix posted an update to 3.03A.

More on no more OrangePCs. September 11, 2000 -- Scott Atkinson asked Orange Micro about buying an Orange PC 660 card, and received the same response we reported on September 7--that the company is no longer making them.

Terra Soft announces Linux box with 8 processors. September 11, 2000 -- Terra Soft Solutions has is offering an 8-node PowerPC G3 cluster with Black Lab Linux installed and configured for parallel processing starting at US $18,400. The 19.5" tall x 18.5" deep x 21" wide box contains 8 iMac logic boards, 8 video cards. 8 CD-ROM drives, and 8 hard drives.

Compaq iPaq PocketPC has USB problems with VPC. September 7, 2000 -- Mark Srebnik reports that his Compaq iPaq 3630 PocketPC can communicate with Virtual PC via a serial port, but not a USB port:

I have used VPC for the last year to sync a Casio WinCE Palm-size PC using a serial port.

Recently, I bought the new Compaq iPaq 3630 PocketPC and tried synching using the USB cradle (and MS ActiveSync3.1). VPC 3.0.3 saw that there was something there but could only identify it as an 'unknown device'. After several phone calls with Compaq and Connectix, Compaq said they're using the latest USB protocols and that probably VPC was using older USB protocols and therefore couldn't recognize iPaq.

So the only way I could sync my iPaq was to get the slower serial cradle.

VPC with Linux doesn't support bootable disk images. September 7, 2000 -- Reb Guthrie discovered that Virtual PC with Linux doesn't have all the features of Virtual PC with Windows, including the ability to make a bootable Windows diskette image and drag and drop. Apparently, the Windows bundles include components not in the Linux bundle, so installing his own copy of Windows 98 did not help. Guthrie's full report is on our Virtual PC 3 Special report page.

MacLinkPlus 12 bug Mac Word to PC Word Perfect. September 6, 2000 -- MacFixIt reports that a bug in the new MacLinkPlus 12 that causes problems with footnotes when translating Word for Mac files to WordPerfect for Windows files.

MS Proxy password/authentication 407 error. September 6, 2000 -- Rick Wintheiser reports another case of Proxy Authentication errors with IE 5 for Mac and MS Proxy Server, as a reader reported a few weeks ago.

HybinetteIP problems with OS 9. September 6, 2000 -- Ron Penne reports a problem with HybinetteIP, a remarketted version of Cyan's MacServerIP, the AFP-over-IP file server for Windows NT/2000:

I'm currently running HybinetteIP, switching from ExtremeZ-IP, and have had constant problems on any Mac running OS 9 or higher. When saving files back to the NT server I frequently loose the connection and get a '-1072' error. I was told by Hybinette that is a problem w/OS 9 and is common with IP software.

If you've seen this, please let us know.

AirPort and Compaq wireless card. September 6, 2000 -- D. J. Williams has been unsuccessful in getting a Compaq wireless card to communicate on a cross-platform wireless network:

I have an Apple Airport running 1.2 happily working with several WaveLan cards, but seem to be unable to get a Compaq WL200 802.11b to communicate at all in this network, and I have their latest drivers and firmware.

If you've been successful (or unsuccessful) at this, please let us know.

Fix for AppleTalk printer dropout problem. September 5, 2000 -- Several readers pointed us to a solution to the problem of AppleTalk printers disappearing from the Chooser. Other services can disappear as well. The solution is to disable the Spanning Tree Protocol on an Ethernet bridge or switch port, as described in Apple Tech Info Library article 30922. You can also switch it to fast convergence (known as "portfast" on Cisco switches).

(Thanks to Jeffrey Ollie, J. Louis Hales-Garcia, Quinn MacDonald, and Peter.)

Sleep key on MS Keyboard works for Macs. September 5, 2000 --Tony Hess installed Microsoft's new Macintosh USB driver for its Natural Keyboards for his Internet Keyboard Pro (standard keyboard layout). The drivers work well, and he also noticed one unexpected feature:

The sleep button on this keyboard works just as it should (it brings up the sleep/shutdown/restart/etc dialog box, just like an Apple keyboard power button). According to the MS web site, this key wasn't supposed to work (at least I thought I read it there).

I am running Mac OS 9.04 on a G4 Yikes 400.

In an unrelated event, Apple is offering refunds to some owners of the new Apple Pro Keyboard because the volume up, volume down, mute, and media eject keys aren't working. (Macintouch, MacFix, MacNN, and other news sites have been reporting this.)

Final answer from NetCast: Apple KB site definitely using Win 2000. September 5, 2000 -- The developer of NetCraft web server OS detector told MacWindows that Apple is indeed hosting its new Apple Knowledge Base tech support site on a Windows 2000 Server. He said that Apple was using Microsoft-IIS 5.0, switched to Apache, then removed the "Win32" from the signature after the story broke. (See related stories from September 1, August 31 and August 25.) Richard Wendland reports:

I'm the developer of Netcraft's OS detector. Re the "Update on Apple Knowledge Base site host" item on www.macwindows.com.

I checked our OS detection for kbase.info.apple.com, and it has very clear Windows 2000 like TCP characteristics, and I doubt that we're wrong (Mac OS X which has quite different TCP characteristics).

Looking back through our logs supports the notion that Windows 2000 is being used. I notice that on Mon Aug 28 2000 kbase.info.apple.com changed web server name from "Apache/1.3.12 (Win32)" to "Apache/1.3.12". It looks like someone at Apple was embarrassed enough to change the Apache server signature removing the usual OS indicator, which showed Windows was in use.

Note this web server name OS indicator isn't used by our OS detector, which works independently by looking at the TCP traffic characteristics.

From our recent logs, the server signatures for kbase.info.apple.com have been:

to Thu Aug 24 23:33:34 2000 GMT: Microsoft-IIS/5.0

Thu Aug 24 23:41:21 2000 GMT
to Fri Aug 25 17:16:11 2000 GMT: no single server

Fri Aug 25 19:23:54 2000 GMT
to Mon Aug 28 17:04:36 2000 GMT: Apache/1.3.12 (Win32)

Mon Aug 28 17:06:35 2000 GMT to now: Apache/1.3.12

Possible VPC incompatibility: Solid Edge V8. September 5, 2000 -- Marshall Long reports that he has been unable to get the 3D CAD program Solid Edge 8 (Unigraphics Solutions) to run on VPC 3.03. Long says:

After installing the files, it goes to a message about updating the system files and then crashes with a message about "An unrecoverable processor error has been encountered. The PC will restart now."

If you seen this problem please let us know.

Mac Explorer 1.6 fixes bugs, tweaks features. September 5, 2000 -- Rage Software has release Macintosh Explorer 1.6, a file browser for Mac OS that is similar in concept and functionality to the Windows Explorer of Windows for copying, moving, deleting, and managing files. The new version fixes some bugs and adds more flexibility with favorites and links. (See the MacWindows User Interface Solutions page a list of software that makes Mac OS look or act more like Windows, that makes Windows look and/or act more like Mac OS.)

Workaround for installing Windows Me on Virtual PC. September 1, 2000 -- Michael Kuntscher sent use a workaround for the conflict between the Windows Me installer and Virtual PC:

Simply make a shortcut to the setup.exe file, open the Properties on it and add "-nm" without the quotation marks to turn off the setup apps processor test. (Modify the run line to read "setup.exe -nm". ) It will then install and work fine. Just make sure to have lots of hard disk image space...I've done it and Windows Me runs just as well as Windows 98 does.

MS posts Mac USB drivers for Natural Keyboards. September 1, 2000 -- Microsoft has posted Macintosh USB driver for its Natural Keyboards, the Natural Keyboard Pro and the Internet Keyboard Pro. The software allows Mac users customize the keyboard Hot Keys and settings, according to Microsoft. In particular, the software lets you:

California legislature votes to tax the Internet. September 1, 2000 -- A San Francisco Chronicle story reports that the California Assembly voted yesterday to approve a measure by Carole Migden (D-San Francisco) that would impose a tax on Internet commerce. The state Senate has already approved the measure. It is not clear whether Governor Gray Davis will sign the legislation into law. (You can contact Governor Davis at his web page.)

Disappearing printers with VLan. September 1, 2000 -- Jeffrey Ollie reports having the same problem another reader reported in January, of problems with printers that disappear from a network:

One issue that is still outstanding is many of our printers sometimes decide to just disappear out of the Chooser, and then show up a minute later. We have a VLan dedicated to printers that encompasses the whole building. The problem is that AppleTalk printers are not behaving well in this VLan. If there are any Nortel/Bay gurus out there, I would love to hear any ideas on this.

If you have any ideas on this please let us know.

Tenon includes Java Server Pages in iTools. September 1, 2000 -- Tenon Intersystems announced that iTools, its Apache web server suite for Mac OS X Server, now includes support for Java Server Pages, a dynamic web page technology that uses XML.

VPC problem with AddWeb 3. September 1, 2000 -- Glenn Hunt tries to run a demo of AddWeb 3 on Virtual PC, but gets an error message: "this program has performed an illegal operation and will be shut down." He can run it on a PC, but not on a Power Mac G3 with "adequate RAM" and OS 8.6. If you've seen this problem, please let us know.

Novell to cut up to 30 percent of its work force. September 1, 2000 -- A ZDNet story says that Novell will lay off up to 1650 of its employees next week as it moves away from NetWare as its main product line.

Update on Apple Knowledge Base site host September 1, 2000 -- Several readers pointed out that the NetCraft web site is now reporting the Apple Knowledge Base site as using Apache/1.3.12 on Windows 2000 Servers, not on Microsoft IIS 5, as it was a few weeks ago. (See related story in yesterday's news below.)


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